In the run-up to the first rough "anti-terror tags" in parliament, bundestag factions outbid each other with proposals to curtail citizens’ rights
After the federal criminal police office (bka) has ensured that no more cabs stop in front of the reichstag, that the dome may only be entered under the highest security precautions, and that the conference rooms are only accessible to the public, the bka is now taking steps to ensure that the public is not allowed to enter the building "gas-tight" as a result, the bundestag today (thursday) will also be dominated by the fight against terrorism. A first package of measures is to be passed, and a motion for a resolution by the cdu/csu parliamentary group is also on the agenda. However, the other party camps have also made their positions widely "terror-fest" made. Fingerprints in id cards, movement profiles of cell phone users, and intensified dragnet searches could soon become commonplace.
Since the attacks on the u.S. And further threats of terrorist attacks following the air raids on afghanistan, the parliamentary groups in the bundestag have been pushing each other up the ladder in discussing and passing long motions and position papers on strengthening internal security. Germany is to become a well-monitored fortress where sleeper agents and assassins no longer have a chance. The fact that there is no time left to discuss civil liberties is almost a matter of course.
Already as good as decided are rough parts of the so-called first anti-terror package, to which the bundestag devotes itself in its session today (thursday). When it comes to ies such as the expansion of section 129a of the german criminal code (stgb) to cover the formation of terrorist organizations abroad (the dream of a european legal area), the government and opposition parties are basically only arguing about who has prevented such regulations from being passed so far. For example, the fdp parliamentary group in the bundestag, in a position paper available to telepolis, suffisantly points out that "spd and grune had still rejected the tightening of § 129a stgb in 1986."
In general, the "liberals" in their amendments passed on tuesday "proposals to improve internal security" not mude to emphasize that they have the better schilys and schills in the party. Thus the parliamentary group reminds of the old coalition times: at that time one had together with the cdu/csu with the help of "over fifty laws" between 1990 and 1998 "police, the judiciary and the secret services have been given more powerful tools to better combat money laundering, organized crime, corruption and drug trafficking." but the weapon is blunt, he said, because in the police force alone, nationwide "several tens of thousands of jobs are missing". In berlin alone, therefore, 2.000 dna analyses were not processed and 60 court-ordered telephone interceptions were not carried out.
Liberalism the strong
In keeping with the motto of fdp leader guido westerwelle, according to which liberalism must not be interpreted as weakness, the parliamentary group therefore intends not only to approve the package of measures discussed today. In addition to the amendment of section 129a of the criminal code, this also includes the abolition of religious privilege in the law on associations and more intensive screening of airport personnel in security-relevant areas. In addition, the fdp is advocating a whole series of measures that will be introduced after the end of the year "law and order" call.
The palette starts with a call to the federal states to apply the dragnet consistently and to reject planned time limits such as those in schleswig-holstein. The report continues with proposals for more stringent constitutional checks on immigrants and native-born citizens. Central demands also extend to the better use of existing data and the creation of new data pools. This is how the fdp faction, in whose latest round of anti-terror negotiations even hitherto hard-nosed advocates of citizens’ rights like former justice minister sabine leutheuser-schnarrenberger (quo vadis, liberalism?) fell silent, for example a better "information exchange between the intelligence services and other german authorities dealing with security-related ies."
There are also concrete demands for improved data matching between security authorities and the central register of foreigners, as well as increased matching of fingerprints of asylum seekers with the data held by police authorities. The fact that biometric means of identification, according to the plan of federal minister of the interior otto schily, will make it possible to establish the identity of all citizens in the future "effectively" the group also buries the idea of a new.
At the same time, it criticizes the fact that the new cross-border police information system (inpol-neu), which was adopted in 1992, has still not been realized due to recurring hardware and software difficulties (police information system inpol-neu threatens to become a fiasco. To date, a sum in the hundreds of millions has been spent on this system, and the federal criminal police office’s expenditure and cost planning for the years 2002 to 2005 provides for a further 195 million marks. Nevertheless "not yet foreseeable when this project can finally be put into operation." erganzt werden soll inpol-neu, so die fdp-leitlinien, gleich durch eine "international anti-terror database".
When the bundestag debates the leniency program, which was in force here from 1989 to 1999 and was not extended, the fdp faction will also bury it. "Constitutionally flawless" however it is supposed to be. To this end, the federal government wants to present a new-old bill, the "overflowers" presumably offers the prospect of five years of reduced sentences and is to be embedded directly in § 100 of the code of criminal procedure (stpo). The fdp is again largely in agreement with its old sister faction. There is similar agreement on equipping europol with competencies to fight terrorism. However, according to the fdp, the european police authority should be given operational and executive powers only if the immunity of its employees is lifted first.
Cdu/csu refreshes its old proposals
In view of the repositioning of the (ex-)liberals, the mainly recycled motion for a resolution that the cdu/csu faction wants to introduce into the bundestag with chancellor gerhard schroder’s government declaration on the situation after the backlash of the usa and its allies almost looks pale. With the paper "security 21" the conservatives want to show, "what needs to be done now to combat international terrorism." the initial budget, which amounts to 1.53 billion euros, will be used to "anti-terror package" of the federal government can be "only a first step toward strengthening internal and external security" be.
In the medium term, the cdu/csu primarily wants to "the services" and to better equip and staff investigators "powerful" expand units. Flight safety is to be increased to "el-al level" be lifted, so that in the future passengers would have to bring a lot of time with them, as in the case of flights to or from israel. In view of the "the threat to the" the conservative camp also sees the current "restrictions on acoustic surveillance of living quarters and the exclusion of optical surveillance of living quarters no longer in keeping with the times." the coarse eavesdropping attack is therefore to be intensified even further.
Run on the data
In addition, there are familiar demands, such as those already made in a pre11. This is a matter that was raised in a motion on combating organized crime and terrorism dating back to september 1 (link: cdu/csu applies for new cuts in telecommunications secrecy) and in the guidelines of the cdu’s federal executive board on internal security (cdu/csu applies for new cuts in telecommunications secrecy).
The cdu/csu is again calling for an addition to the list of criminal offenses for the surveillance of telecommunications and for a change in the telecommunications act. In particular, a minimum period for the storage of connection data is to be specified for the benefit of law enforcement authorities. As before, the simplification of the legal possibility of creating movement profiles of mobile phone users is at the top of the agenda.
The motion for a resolution drafted by leading cdu/csu politicians for the interior, defense and defense does not have a chance of success in its entirety. However, the parliamentary group has already found support in the bundestag, at least for stronger surveillance of cell phone users: in the early afternoon, the deputies will discuss the revision of section 12 of the telecommunications equipment act, which grants investigators the right to obtain information about connection data. The committees of the federal council have already spoken out in favor of querying the whereabouts of suspects through the evaluation of data "stand-by signals" even retroactively (increased hunger for data in the federal states).
Only the grunen still speak of data protection as a civil right
At the meeting of their extraordinary council, the bundestag greens also drafted a key domestic policy proposal. In this, the parliamentary group refers to its "expanded concept of security" from. It includes "all economic, political and social measures that increase security". The protection against the terrorist threat is thus "a common concern of all those who stand up for human rights, freedom and democracy, regardless of their religion or origin".
The resolution is one of the few papers currently presented by the parliamentary group to include paragraphs on data protection: the greens continue to see data protection as a civil and human right – and not as an act of governmental mercy "protection of offenders" or governmental act of mercy that can be revoked at will. With their moderate expectations, however, the greens are currently alone in a political landscape in which the fight against terrorism is used primarily as a pretext for restricting the freedoms of citizens.
Already the coming session week will bring more of the same. It stands completely in the indication of the so-called second anti-terror package of schily. The aim, for example, is to effectively combat money laundering and the financing of terrorism, while at the same time injecting additional money into the coffers of finance minister hans eichel. To this end, banking secrecy is to give way and the "financial dragnet" leave no account unchecked. Fingerprints in passports will then also have to be voted on by the bundestag.